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Barman, Jean. “Taming Aboriginal sexuality : gender, power, and race in British Columbia, 1850-1900” in Women and Gender in the American West. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2004, 210-235. 


Brown, Lorraine Cecelia. “Domestic Service in British Columbia, 1850-1914” master’s thesis, University of British Columbia, 1995.

Lay, Jackie. “To Columbia on the Tynemouth: The Emigration of Single Women and Girls in 1862.” In In Her Own Right. Victoria BC:  Camosun College, 1980, 19-41. 

McLaren, Menzies & Chunn “A Strange Revolution in the Manners of the Country’: Aboriginal- Settler Intermarriage in Nineteenth- Century British Columbia” in Regulating Lives. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 2002, 23-62.

Perry, Adele. “Fair Ones of a Purer Caste”: White Women and Colonialism in Nineteenth Century British Columbia.” Feminist Studies 23, No. 3 (Autumn 1997): 501-524. Online. Google Scholar. Accessed January 24, 2019. 

Sale, Barry. “Haphazard History: The bride ships of Europe.” Williams Lake Tribune (Williams Lake, CA), February 10, 2019. (Accessed February 28, 2019).  Haphazard-history-the-bride-ships-of-europe


 The British Colonist, The Arrival of the Tynemouth (Victoria, 1862). Reprinted in Visions: Editor’s Choice Pre-Confederation, 2nd ed. (Canadian ed.). Edited by P.E. Bryden, C. Coates, M. Lux, L Marks, M. Martel and D. Samson. Toronto: Ontario: Nelson Education, 2011, 493.